How to Prepare For Outdoor Survival Tactics For Hiking and Camping

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The outdoors is a beautiful place in which nature is at its best.
While the places you may spend your time in at the wilderness seem very safe, there are certain precautions that every person, even the seasoned hiker or camper needs to take.
A first aid kit is absolutely essential on even the shortest outdoor excursions.
A simple collection of antiseptic, bandages, and hydrocortisone cream should meet the needs of most minor injuries.
For more serious injuries a cellular phone will prove to be very valuable or know the locations of the nearest phones that provide service to ranger stations.
Aside from having your first aid kit and way to communicate, the best way to protect you from perils of the outdoors is to know the area in which you are camping or hiking.
You would not want to be dropped off in the middle of a huge city that you were not familiar with and the woods should be treated with same respect.
By knowing your area, the climate for that particular time of year is very crucial.
Not having the appropriate clothing to withstand the weather could cause great harm to you and your family.
Remember that a lot of areas temperature range can vary by as much as 40 to 50 degrees between daylight and nighttime hours.
To help combat temperature changes the proper equipment can make life out on the terrain a little easier.
There are tents and sleeping bags designed for particular temperature ranges that will help keep your body temperature at a safe level.
Hypothermia and heat exhaustion are two serious concerns that happen readily to unprepared campers and hikers.
The next point of interest is food and water.
Your body will require water to survive.
At least 2 liters of water needs to be available daily to sustain your body need for water.
While this can be obtained from streams, wells, and other natural resources, it is always a good idea to add some bottled water to your pack.
Dried foods can also be packed which are typically light such as MRE (Meals Ready to Eat), and dried fruits and vegetables.
A little research can also provide you with naturally occurring food sources for the area you plan on scouting.
Do not eat anything that you have not thoroughly researched, as many fruits and plants can look absolutely delicious but prove to be poisonous.
Wild game can also be captured for those with knowledge of trapping or hunting.
An important thing to remember when eating wild game is that you risk infection of diseases but will help keep the pack weight down and provide you with the variety of diet that you need for longer excursions.
For those skilled and experienced campers and hikers, creating a fire may not be that difficult.
However, depending on climate and amount of materials available to start a fire could prove a hard task for the more inexperienced hikers or campers.
To make life out in the wild a little easier, waterproof matches would help start a fire easily.
Two blocks of flint could also be used and of course if all else fails two dry sticks can give you that little amber you need to start your cooking fire.
Pine straw and other dried vegetation are ideal for getting a fire started, but you will also need to locate larger wood sources to keep your fire going for an extended period of time.
When you go out venturing for wood, do not travel alone.
When possible, always try to travel with a friend in case danger does arise.
Navigation can make or break an experience in the wild.
The surroundings are all typically the same no matter what direction you walk in.
Landmarks are few and far in between.
A compass is highly suggested along with a small map of the area in which you will be staying.
Long sleeves and pants will help keep you from being injured from briars and other hazards as well as limit fresh skin available for insects.
If you get completely lost this attire should be able to get through the night in many terrains, and leave items that are not needed as landmarks to help others track you or to let you know if you have been walking in circles.
When all else fails, a flare gun should have been a part of your survival kit.
This should then be fire when times are getting hard.
Once the flare has been fired you need to stay at that location.
Some of the more common insects and animals that could pose a problem in the wild are leeches, mosquitoes, and bears.
If for any reason you pick up a few leeches on your skin, it is important not to remove them without use of salt or alcohol.
This is due to the jaws being left in the skin which can then become infected.
Bug spray and netting should be used to prevent an abundance of mosquito and other insect bites as they are prone to diseases and infections.
For addressing bears, all food needs to be kept in sealable containers to prevent the scent traveling and inviting a bear into your campsite.
This is only a few of the many dangers that the wild possesses.
It is important to research the natural inhabitants of any new area you plan to visit.
Another primary concern is animal bites such as spiders, snakes, and scorpions.
Many breeds of these animals come packed with a toxic bite.
Whether it be a black widow spider, rattlesnake, or other animal you need to know how to handle yourself.
The vital part to helping a fellow camper or hiker that has been bitten is to clean the infected area well, and tie a piece of material or belt above the wound.
This will help prevent infection and slow the movement of the poison throughout the body.
Emergency officials need to be reached immediately if the bite is determined to come from a poisonous animal.
An easy way to tell with snake bites are if a row of teeth appears it is typically a non-venomous snake, while if two distinct puncture marks are shown with or without the row of other teeth, it is a good assumption that the snake was poisonous.
The next step is to assure that someone is monitoring the bitten person for changes in status.
It often takes some time for symptoms to begin to appear.
Treat the symptoms as best as possible with your first aid kits and seek help.
The myth of sucking out venom is simply that and not suggested.
Now that we have covered the basics of outdoor survival, it is up to you to educate yourself on the specific surroundings that you will be camping or hiking.
Knowledge is what will keep you alive out there, while ignorance does not have a pleasant ending.
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